Before we start the assembly process, we should look at each hardware (including motherboard, monitor, cd/dvd rom, printer, I/O card (if any), scanner) that we have purchased or have owned, to ensure that each -Each hardware has been equipped with a manual (manual) and the drivers needed later.
The following are the steps that must be considered when assembling a computer:
1. Processor Installation
Install the processor according to its place (socket), pay attention to the sign on the processor must be placed according to the sign on the socket (not upside down). Then lock the locking handle which is usually located on the side of the processor socket. Pay attention to the dot code on the side of the processor with an oblique shape, which is a hint that the processor part is installed in the slot that has the same sign Then carefully read the processor manual from the manufacturer. If you are not careful or reverse installing the processor can be fatal.
Then install the cooling fan on it. On certain types of motherboards, the processor socket is integrated with a special circuit board. So that the installation of the processor is enough to just attach the circuit board to the motherboard and then lock it properly. The installation of the processor in the socket or place on the motherboard should not be reversed because it can cause the motherboard or processor to be damaged.
2. Motherboard Installation
On the motherboard, adjust the position of the connector jumpers as written in the manufacturer’s manual. Unplug the plastic jumper connector connecting the pins on the motherboard, then move the motherboard to another position that connects the pins to other pins according to the recommendations written in the motherboard manual.
Usually the manual has explained about the position of certain jumpers according to the type of processor that will be used. Watch carefully so that we can achieve good results. Adjust the position of the jumper with the type of processor to be installed. Adjusting the jumper position allows the motherboard to provide electricity precisely and according to the electrical needs required by the processor. If it is wrong, the processor will be damaged.
3. Installing RAM Memory
RAM memory should be installed in its place properly. Note the memory corners are usually notched (cut out) must be placed carefully. If you install it upside down, then the memory will be difficult to insert. In the type of SDRAM / DDRRAM memory, the memory holder on the motherboard has a lock that will move to lock together with the entry of memory into the holder.
4. Installation of hard disk and CD/DVD-RW
The first step in installing the hard drive and CD / DVD-RW is to put the casing in an upright position, then install the hard drive in the space provided by the casing. Then lock the hard drive with a screw using a plus screwdriver. For CD/DVD-RW installation, install the CD/DVD-RW on the front of the casing. Then lock the CD/DVD-RW with the screw using a plus screwdriver. Then connect the special power supply cable to the power connector found on each hard drive and CD / DVD-RW.
5. Installation of VGA Card and Sound Card
In this step, device installation is carried out if deemed necessary and according to needs. Because basically the motherboard already has VGA and Internal Sound in it. However, if it is necessary to install this device, you should pay attention to the slot where the VGA or Sound Card is installed carefully. Open the lock on each side of the existing slot, then VGA or Sound Card according to the existing manual. After the VGA or Sound Card is installed, lock the VGA or Sound Card latch again.
6. Installation of Power Supply
Attach a special power supply cable to the motherboard, usually written with P8 and P9. The black cable that the two connectors must be installed side by side. If an ATX type motherboard is used, then attach a special power supply cable for the ATX power slot on the motherboard.
7. Inspection of Assemblies
After the computer has been assembled, it should be checked through the BIOS. Check whether all components installed on the motherboard are connected properly. Then save and exit the system BIOS. Then then install the entire Operating System that will be used, then install all the necessary drivers (both VGA, Sound, and other supporting drivers).