Industry 4.0 is used for the level of development of the technology industry in the world. For this fourth level, the world is focusing on digital technologies. The first industrial revolution came with the advent of mechanization, steam power, and hydropower. This mechanization was then followed by the second industrial revolution, which was concerned with mass production and assembly lines using electricity. The industrial revolution is related to the development of electronics, information technology systems, and automation, which leads to the industrial revolution, namely the development of cyber physical systems.
Areas Developed In Industrial Technology 4.0
This industry trend illustrates the development towards automation and data exchange in technology and processes in the manufacturing industry. These trends include the Internet of Things, Industrial Internet of Things, cyber physical systems, artificial intelligence, smart factories, cloud computing systems, and so on. Even in the Industrial Internet of Things design, this industrial level creates a manufacturing system where the machines in the factory are equipped with wireless connectivity and sensors to monitor and visualize the entire production process. Even autonomous decision-making can also be done directly by these machines.
Wireless connectivity will greatly advance with the full rollout of 5G networks. Thus, this will provide faster response times, enabling real-time communication between systems. This technology can create virtual versions of installations, processes and applications that exist in the real world. This virtual version can then be tested to make it more effective, useful and cost-effective.
This allows cyber-physical systems to communicate and cooperate with each other and make data exchanges in real time. These technologies can also be combined and processed automatically for Industry 4.0 manufacturing. In addition, this automation includes interconnectivity between processes, transparency of information, and technical assistance for decentralized decisions. The technology will also help troubleshoot and track processes, while increasing productivity in business and manufacturing at scale.